Pigeon Food


Pigeons are fascinating creatures that have been a part of our urban landscapes for ages. They can be seen flying around, perched on buildings, and feeding from the ground. But have you ever wondered what they eat? In this blog post, we will explore the different types of Pigeon food that pigeons consume, including their favorites and harmful foods to avoid. Whether you are a pigeon lover or just curious about these birds’ diets, keep reading to learn more about pigeon food!

Types of Pigeon Food

Pigeons are omnivorous birds and they can eat a variety of foods. The type of food that pigeons eat depends on their environment, age, and health condition.  Generally speaking, there are two types of pigeon food: commercial bird feed and natural food. These two are the main types of Pigeon food.

1. Commercial Birds Food

Commercial bird feed is a type of Pigeon food designed to provide all the necessary nutrients for pigeons. It usually comes in pellet or seed form. 

Pellets Food

a. Pellet Foods

Pellets are used as one of the important Pigeon food and they contain more nutrients than seeds but pigeons often prefer seeds because they taste better. There are different types of pellet foods

i. Maintenance Pellets

These are general-purpose pellets that are used as pigeon food, and it is suitable for adult pigeons that are not breeding or undergoing any special conditions. They provide a balanced mix of nutrients to support their overall health.

ii. Breeder Pellets

Breeder pellets are designed for pigeons that are actively breeding and raising chicks. They usually contain a high level of protein, fats, certain vitamins, and minerals to support the increased nutritional demand during the breeding season.

iii. Young Bird Pellets

These pellets are formulated for young pigeons that are still growing. They often contain high protein content to support proper growth and development.

iv. Racing pigeon Pellets

Racing pigeons have specific dietary needs due to rigorous training and racing schedule. Racing pigeons pellets are specifically designed to provide the energy and nutrients necessary to sustain a high level of activity and endurance,

v. Specific Ingredient Pellets

Some pellet brands offer specialized formulations that focus on special ingredients such as those containing added probiotics for gut health and omega-3 Fatty acids for feathers and skin health.

Importance of Pellets Food

Pellet food is designed specifically for pigeons and can be a convenient and nutritionally balanced option as pigeon food because it provides these birds with essential nutrients. They are specifically made to compensate for their nutritional requirements. There are the following key points about pellets food for pigeons;

  • i. Nutritional Balance: Quality pigeon pellets are formulated to provide a balanced blend of proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals that pigeons need for optimal health.
  • ii. Convenience: Pellets are uniform in composition, so pigeons can’t pick and choose what to eat, which helps ensure they receive all the necessary nutrients.
  • iii. Reduced Waste: Pellets tend to produce less waste compared to feeding loose seeds, as pigeons won’t selectively eat certain parts and discard others.
  • iv. Less Selective Feeding: Pigeons can sometimes selectively eat only their favorite seeds from a mix, leading to imbalances in their diet. Pellets help mitigate this behavior.
  • v. Minimized Contaminants: Good-quality pigeon pellets are less likely to be contaminated with mold, dust, or pests compared to some seed mixes.

b. Seed Food

Seed food consists of a mixture of different seeds, grains, and sometimes dried fruits that pigeons naturally eat. Seed food as Pigeon food is designed to mimic pigeons’ natural diet and can offer a varied and appealing option. However, it’s important to note that pigeons might sometimes pick and choose their favorite seeds, leading to imbalances in their diet.

Note; if someone is using Commercial bird feeds as pigeon food then it should be purchased from reputable brands to ensure quality.

2. Natural Food

Natural food includes grains, fruits, vegetables, insects, and worms found in the wild or provided by humans as supplementary feeding. Grain-based food such as corn and wheat are commonly fed to city pigeons while rural ones tend to consume more vegetation.

i. Seeds and Grains

Pigeons primarily feed on various types of seeds and grains in the wild. These can include sunflower seeds, millet, corn, wheat, barley, and oats. Providing a mix of these seeds can offer a well-rounded diet.

ii. Fruits

Pigeons may eat certain types of fruits such as Berries, apples, Pear, and Cherries. Fruits provide Vitamins and natural Sugars.

Pigeon eating Fruits

iii. Green Leafy Vegetables

Pigeons may consume greens like Lettuce, Spinach, Kale, and Dandelion Greens. This kind of Pigeon food offers additional vitamins and minerals to Pigeons.

iv. Legumes

Cooked Legumes like Peas, Lentils, and can be offered in moderation. These are good sources of pigeon food and provide Proteins and fiber. 

v. Natural Plants

Pigeons may forage for seeds and plants like grasses, Herbs, Clover, and Weeds in the environment. 

vi. Grit

Grit is not pigeon food itself, providing small, smooth stones and commercial grit can help pigeons digest their food properly in the gizzard.

vii. Water

Fresh, clean water is essential for pigeons to stay hydrated and healthy

Food of Pigeons in the City Area

When it comes to the diet of city pigeons, they have adapted to eating whatever food is available in urban environments. They tend to thrive on a mix of grains and seeds, as well as some human food scraps.

1. Bread Crumbs

One common source of pigeon food in cities is park benches where people often leave bread crumbs or other small pieces of food that pigeons can easily consume. However, while bread may be a convenient option for city-dwelling pigeons, it’s not the most nutritious choice for them.

2. Popcorn

Another popular option of pigeon food among urban pigeons is popcorn which can also be harmful if consumed in excess. It’s important to note that feeding wild birds in public places is not recommended since it encourages dependency on human-provided food and increases competition between individual birds.

3. Blends of Seeds and grains

 In addition to these sources of nutrition, many cities have bird feeders set up with special blends designed specifically for wild birds like pigeons. These blends typically contain a mix of grains and seeds that provide essential nutrients without risking overfeeding or malnutrition.

4. Leftover and Food waste

Pigeons are opportunistic feeders and might scavenge for food scraps left behind by humans in parks, streets, and garbage bins.

5. Fruits and Berries

Depending on city vegetation, Pigeons may feed on fallen fruits and berries.

6. Crumbs

Pigeons may scavenge on small crumbs from crackers, cookies, and other baked goods.

7. Nuts

Pigeons might Consume nuts such as peanuts, almonds, and Cashew that people may drop or leave out in public places

While city-dwelling pigeons may have adapted their diets based on availability and convenience rather than optimal health benefits, providing appropriate food options through designated bird feeders can ultimately help support their well-being.

Food of Baby Pigeons

When it comes to baby pigeons, their diet is significantly different from adult pigeons. Baby pigeons require a specific type of pigeon food that provides them with the necessary nutrients for healthy growth and development

i. Pigeon Milk

 The best food for baby pigeons is pigeon milk, which is produced by both male and female parent birds in their crop glands. Pigeon milk contains high levels of protein and fat, making it an excellent source of nutrition for young birds.

ii. Soaked Seeds

In addition to pigeon milk, baby pigeons can also eat soaked seeds such as millet, corn, wheat, or barley mixed with water until they are soft enough to eat. These seeds should be fed to the chicks using a syringe or pipette.

iii. Young Bird Pellets

These pellets are formulated for young pigeons that are still growing. They often contain high protein content to support proper growth and development.

iv. Homemade Formula

If you can’t find commercial pigeon food for baby pigeons, you can make a homemade formula using a mix of ingredients such as baby cereal, water, and a protein source like cooked and mashed lentils or tofu. You can blend these ingredients to create a paste-like consistency that can be easily consumed by the baby pigeon

Note; It’s essential to ensure that the food given to baby pigeons is clean and fresh at all times. Dirty or contaminated food can lead to infections and diseases in young birds.

Important Instruction; As baby pigeons grow older, they will start eating solid foods such as grains and vegetables. However, it’s crucial not to introduce solid foods too early as this could cause digestive problems for the chick.

Providing proper nutrition during the early stages of life is vital for healthy growth and development in baby pigeons. For proper growth and development diets rich in critical nutrients are needed for the pigeons like those mentioned above.

Harmful Food of Pigeons

It’s important to note that while pigeons are not picky eaters, there are some foods that can be harmful to their health. Some of these include processed and junk food, as well as bread and other baked goods.

1. Processed Foods

Processed foods like snacks, Chips, and Cookies are high in unhealthy fats, sugar, and Salts like high in sodium and preservatives as pigeon food which can lead to dehydration and kidney problems for birds.


These can cause nutritional imbalance and can contribute to obesity in pigeons. Salty foods can also disrupt pigeons’ electrolyte balance and lead to dehydration.

2. Junk Foods

Foods like fast food, fried items, and sugary items as pigeon food are harmful to pigeons just like they are to humans


They lack the necessary nutrients and can lead to health issues.

3. Bread

it is often seen that pigeons are provided with bread as pigeon food by humans, which is not suitable nutrition for pigeons.

Pigeon eating Bread


 It lacks essential nutrients and does not fulfill the requirement of pigeons with vitamins and minerals.

4. Dairy Products

Pigeons’ body is not adapted to digest dairy products like milk, and cheese.


Feeding on dairy products can disrupt the digestive system of pigeons

5. Spoiled or Moldy Foods

Pigeons’ body is also not adapted to digest spoiled and moldy foods.


These foods can cause digestive system problems and make the pigeons Sick

6. Raw Meat

Pigeons are true Carnivores. Therefore Pigeons do not allow to eat Raw meat.


Feeding on Raw meat can lead to bacterial contamination and other health issues.

7. Raw Beans

Incompletely Cooked Raw Beans are harmful to pigeons. Therefore Raw beans are not allowed to eat by Pigeons.


Raw beans contain toxic compounds that can be harmful to Pigeons.

8. Avocado

Pigeons and all other Birds do not eat avocados.


Avacado contains a toxic Substance, Persin, that is toxic to  Pigeons and other birds.

9. Alcohols

Just like other animals and birds, pigeons are not allowed to drink Alcohls


Alcohol can cause digestive upset, metabolic effects, and a depressed nervous system

10. Chocolate

Chocolate is also harmful to pigeons. They have to avoid the chocolate


Chocolate contains substances like theobromine and caffeine that are harmful to birds including pigeons. They can affect the cardiac, nervous, and digestive systems. in severe cases, chocolate toxicity can lead to difficulty in breathing and respiratory distress in pigeons

By providing healthy options like grains, seeds, fruits, vegetables, or specialized feeds formulated by avian experts as pigeon food for our feathered friends we can help ensure their longevity – while also enjoying watching them delighting in their favorites!


As we wrap up our look into pigeon food, we realize how important it is for these birds. What they eat connects their natural instincts with the world around them. They can eat things that come from nature, like seeds, or exceptional food made by people. Taking care of baby pigeons and avoiding bad foods also show how much we care about them.

In the end, we see that what pigeons eat is like a bridge between the old ways and the new ways. They need good food that fits their history and what’s around today. Some pigeon food reminds them of where they come from, like seeds. Other Pigeon food, made just for them, show that we want to help them.

We also learn that feeding baby pigeons and staying away from things like chocolate and bad snacks is important. Our choices affect pigeons’ lives and the places they live in.

So, as we think about what pigeons eat, we’re like helpers in a big story. We connect the past and the present, making sure pigeons have what they need to keep cooing and flying in our world.

pigeons are omnivores. they can eat plant products like fruits, vegetables, seeds and as well as small animals snails, insects, worms, and caterpillars. the pigeons of urban areas also feed on popcorn, biscuits, chips, rice, and bread.

Popcorn is primarily made from corn kernels, which are high in carbohydrates. While pigeons can consume carbohydrates, their natural diet includes a mix of grains, seeds, and some insects. Offering them a more balanced diet that resembles their natural food sources is better for their health.

pigeons feed on a variety of mixed food like seeds, fruits, wheat-cracked foods, pallets, and popcorn.

There are following foods that are toxic to pigeons

  • Chocolate
  • Alcohols
  • Avocado
  • Raw Beans
  • Raw Meat
  • Spoiled or Moldy Foods
  • Dairy Products
  • Bread
  • Junk Foods
  • chips
  • cookies
  • Physical Deterrents
  • Netting
  • Ultrasonic Devises
  • Scents and sprays
  • The smell of Hot Chill peppers, Vinegar, Papermint

they are usually afraid off predators like Owls and Hawks, sudden movements, Unstable surfaces, Disturbances and noises, strong wind

Pigeons live mostly in these kinds of places

  • Buildings
  • Bridges and overpasses
  • Balconies
  • Tree branches
  • Communication tower and Antennas
  • Abandoned Buildings

Thallium is a highly toxic heavy metal that can have serious detrimental effects on various forms of life, including pigeons and other birds. it can kill pigeons fast. its poisoning can occur through ingestion, inhalation, or through skin contact. it is present in various types of minerals, and ores including copper, and zinc and it also comes from coral combustion and industries.

no pigeons are not extremely scared of humans. they are actually social creatures. they often love to live around humans for food, habitat.

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